This guide will help you to analyze and fix Windows Blue Death Screen, Stop Errors, Error Codes, Bug Check errors, system crash errors, system failure, kernel error in Windows 10 / 8 / 7.
The incidence of blue screens or stop errors has dropped dramatically, starting with Windows Vista. The system stops when Windows encounters a condition that compromises the safe operation of the system (i.e., a “bug”).
Blue Screen of Death in Windows 10/8/7
A ‘bug check’ is called this condition. It is also commonly known as a system crash, a kernel error, a system error or a stop error.
The Windows Error Reporting system in Windows XP was essentially manual, but in Windows 7 and Windows Vista it has now been improved and streamlined. Although this may be the case, Blue Screens has not just disappeared. You can also see them on Windows 7/8.
When a BSOD occurs, it usually remains for a second before the PC restarts immediately. We cannot read what is written in this way. The auto PC restart option must be disabled from the StartUp & System Recovery settings to get around it. The knowledge of the error code can help to identify the problem. Do it this way:
Control Panel > System And Maintenance > System > Advanced System Settings > Advanced System Settings > Under Start And Recovery > Click Settings > Click OK. Activate UAC.
In most cases, Windows will try to solve the problem alone, but if it cannot recover alone, it will cause a blue screen.
Here is a window I got to see one of my only recent Windows 7 Blue Screen.
Stop Errors in Windows 10/8/7
Windows system users are sure to have experienced the terror of the “Fatal Exception,” commonly referred to as the “Blue Screen Of Death,” or BSOD, at one point or another. Although the BSOD was largely thrown into the heap of the software slag, crashes were not completely banished in Vista. The system stops when Windows encounters a condition that compromises the safe operation of the system (i.e., a “bug”). A ‘bug check’ is called this condition. It is also commonly called a system crash, a kernel error, a system error or a stop error. When Windows encounters such a serious error, it shows a BLUE SCREEN OF DEATH or “lovingly” called BSOD!
Unlike XP, where the system was essentially manual in Windows 10/8/7, Windows Error Reporting in Windows 7 & Vista has been improved and streamlined. To see if a solution was available, one had to follow up. This was a painful process. This entire reporting and monitoring process is automated in Windows 10/8/7/Vista.
Nowadays, a user of Windows 10 / 8 / 7 / Vista is more likely to see the following message: “Microsoft Windows Operating System does not respond.” They can either “close the program” or “wait for a response to the program.” One waits in the hope that the problem will be resolved, or one just closes the program and gets ready to lose information. These messages at least look less frightening.
On the other hand, the BSODs were/are, to say the least, quite traumatic and frustrating!
The exact text of the error Stop varies depending on the cause of the error. However, the format is standardized and consists of three parts:
- PART 1: Symbolic error name: This is the Stop Error message that is given to the OS and corresponds to the Stop Error number that appears.
- PART 2: Troubleshooting recommendations: This text applies to all Stop Errors of that particular type.
- PART 3: Error number and parameters: Its the bug check information. The text following the word STOP includes the error number, in hexadecimal notation, and up to four parameters that are typical of this error type.
There are generally not too many options for recovery of any type. Normally, one tries to “reboot” the PC in the hope that the BSOD occurred due to some driver’s rare condition, which in coding and testing was overlooked. But if the BSOD persists, there are more than 250 documented BSOD codes that can be used to repair the system.
Take, for example, the most common BSOD:
Bugcode 0xA – IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL
This is a fairly common BSOD when a driver has illegally accessed a memory location while NT operates on a specific IRQL. This is a driver coding error, similar to an invalid memory location.
1 – memory location that was referenced
2 – IRQL at time of reference
3 – 0 == read, 1 == write
4 – code addressed which referenced memory
There is none. This is a fatal error and is a driver coding error.
Read: Fixing Blue Screen of Death on Windows 10.
Also Read: Fix Windows Error Code 0xC1900208
How to Debug Memory Dumps
To know how to debug memory dumps, download and install Microsoft Debugging Tools to find out the cause of your BSOD. Make sure your page file is still on the system partition. Otherwise, the debug files can not be saved by Windows.
TROUBLESHOOTING WINDOWS STOP ERRORS/BSODs.
1] First and foremost, see if this problem can be solved by system restoration or last known good configuration.
2] Otherwise, run your anti-virus, anti-spyware and PC Junk / Registry Cleaner. Run the Windows Check Disk Utility after that.
3] Then try to identify whether you have changed or modified software or hardware.
4] Software is the victim in most cases and not the cause of BSOD. So don’t rule out problems with hardware. Hard disks, faulty physical RAM, overheated CPU chips or anything else could be damaged!
5] Check the error details for a driver name. If you can, it can help to solve this problem by simply disabling, removing or rolling the driver back to an earlier version. The most frequent culprits are network interface cards, disk controllers and video adapters.
6] Check the memory. Use the Diagnostic Tool for Windows Memory. Go to the Control Panel and in the search box type “memory.” Click Diagnostic Memory Problems on your computer under Administrative Tools. Select one of the options in the Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool displayed here.
7] Check your BIOS system carefully. Is there an update from the system or motherboard manufacturer? Check carefully the BIOS documentation; resetting all BIOS options to their defaults can sometimes solve a problem caused by overturning.
8] Check if you have little system resources? A critical lack of disk space or RAM can sometimes cause BSOD’s.
9] Check the damage to a system file? Work in safe mode because only the main drivers and services are activated. If your system starts in Safe Mode, but not usually, you have a problem driver very likely. Try to run the Safe Mode Device Manager and uninstall the suspect. Or run Safe Mode System Restore.
10] Run the Windows 10 Blue Screen Troubleshooter.
What to do if you suspect that a Driver is causing BSOD’s
If you suspect that the BSOD’s are faulty with a buggy device driver, call a lesser known but powerful problem shooting tool called the Driver Verifier Manager. Enter the checker in the search bar and hit Verifier.exe. Run as a manager. This tool helps you identify the faulty driver.
Now select “Create default settings.” Next, select the driver type you want to check. Unsigned drivers are likely to cause problems because they have been created for older Windows versions. Click Next until you finish.
Driver Verifier Manager works as follows. Instead of your machine throwing an undecipherable BSOD at you, you can stop your computer at any time with a BSOD that explains the problem quite accurately! You can then either update, roll back or uninstall the offending driver to solve the problem.
Please note that the driver verifier manager finds a non-compliant driver in a rare event; it may not be the offending driver. So be extremely cautious. Take a suspicious look at the identified driver and exercise your best judgment in this case.
You have three options after narrowing down to the problem driver: Update, Roll Back or Uninstall the device driver.
Update Driver: This will start the Hardware Update Wizard.
Roll Back Driver: This uninstalls the latest updated driver and rolls your configuration back to the previous version.
Uninstall driver: The driver files and registry settings for the selected hardware will be completely uninstalled.
Windows Stop Errors List
15 MOST COMMON STOP ERRORS / BSOD’s IN WINDOWS
STOP 0x000000D1 or DRIVER_IRQL_NOT_OR_EQUAL
The most common BSOD probably! It happens when a driver has illegally accessed a memory location while NT operates at a particular IRQL. This is a driver coding error, similar to an invalid memory location. Recovery / work: Normally none. But KB810093, KB316208 and KB810980 can help.
STOP 0x0000000A or IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL
A process or driver in kernel mode attempted without authorization to access a memory location. This stop error is usually caused by hardware or software that is faulty or incompatible. In the Stop error, the name of the offending device driver often appears and can provide an important clue to the problem. If the error message points to a specific device or device category, try removing devices in that category or replacing them. If this stop error occurs during configuration, suspect an incompatible driver, system service, virus scanner or backup program. You can see the direction of this KB314063.
STOP 0x00000050 or PAGE_FAULT_IN_NONPAGED_AREA
Data not in memory was requested by a hardware driver or system service. The cause may be defective physical memory or incompatible software, in particular remote control programs and antivirus. If the error occurs immediately after the driver or application has been installed, try using Safe Mode to remove the driver or uninstall the program. See KB894278 & KB183169 for more information.
STOP 0x000000C2 or BAD_POOL_CALLER
A process or driver in kernel mode tried to allocate illegal memory. A driver or software bug can often be traced to the problem. It is also sometimes caused by a hardware device failure. See KB265879 for more information.
STOP OX000000ED or UNMOUNTABLE_BOOT_VOLUME
If Windows can not access the volume containing the boot files, this happens. But if you get this message while updating TO Vista, check that the disk controller has compatible drivers and check the drive cabling again and make sure it is properly configured. If you reuse ATA-66 or ATA-100 drivers, be sure to have an 80-connector cable, not a standard 40-connector IDE cable. See KB315403 and KB297185.
STOP 0x0000001E or KMODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED
The Windows kernel has detected illegal or unknown processor instructions, which are often the result of invalid memory and access violations caused by defective drivers or hardware devices. The error message often identifies the driver or device that is offending. If the error occurred immediately after the driver or service has been installed, try to disable or delete the new addition.
STOP 0x00000024 or NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM
There was a problem in the NTFS file system driver. For FAT32 drives, there is a similar Stop error, 0x23. A hardware failure in a disk or disk controller is most likely the cause. Check all physical connections to all system hard drives and run Check Disk. You will be helped by KB228888.
STOP 0x0000002E or DATA_BUS_ERROR
The most common cause of this Stop error is failed or defective physical memory (including memory used in video adapters). The error may also be caused by a damaged hard disk or motherboard.
STOP 0x0000003F or NO_MORE_SYSTEM_PTES
Your system has run out of entries to the table (PTEs). A backup program out of control or a buggy device driver may be the cause of this relatively uncommon error. See KB256004 for more information.
STOP 0x00000077 or KERNEL_STACK_INPAGE_ERROR
The system tried to read the kernel data from virtual memory (page file) and did not find the data at the specified memory address. This stop error can be caused by a variety of problems, including defective memory, a malfunctioning hard drive, an incorrectly configured disk controller or cable, corrupted data, or a virus. Click on KB228753 for more information.
STOP 0x0000007F or UNEXPECTED_KERNEL_MODE_TRAP
The probable reasons for this BSOD are most likely due to a hardware failure, such as defective memory chips, mismatched memory modules, a malfunctioning CPU, or a fan or power supply failure. If you have overclocked your CPU, it can also happen. More details are given in the message. See KB137539 for further help.
STOP 0x000000D8 or DRIVER_USED_EXCESSIVE_PTES
This showed that a poorly written driver requires large amounts of kernel memory from your computer. Suggestions for troubleshooting are the same as those found in the STOP 0X3F message. KB256004 will assist you
STOP 0X000000EA or THREAD_STUCK_IN_DEVICE_DRIVER
A new video adapter or an updated (and poorly written) video driver may be installed. It could help to replace the video adapter or use a different video driver. Refer to KB293078.
STOP 0XC000021A or STATUS_SYSTEM_PROCESS_TERMINATED
It happens if Windows has a serious security problem. A subsystem such as Winlogon or CSRSS is compromised; or because of a system file discrepancy; or if system permissions have been incorrectly modified. Some third-party program is a common cause of this problem. Try identifying and uninstalling any new program you have installed.
STOP 0XC00000221 or STATUS_IMAGE_CHECKSUM_MISMATCH
This indicates a damaged page file; or corruption of disk or file; or defective hardware. The error indicates the exact nature of the damaged system file and its name. To solve this problem, you may need to use the Windows Recovery Environment or System Restore or Last Known Good Settings.
For Advanced Users, Microsoft Advanced Windows Debugging and Troubleshooting is a handy link! Additional read at TechNet.
In addition, 10 more common Windows Blue Screen Stop Errors & possible workarounds have been discussed here.
You may also want BlueScreenView’s help. It is a utility that cannons all your mini dump files created during “death blue screen” crashes and displays all crash information in one table. For each crash, BlueScreenView displays the mini dump file name, the date/time of the crash, the basic information about the crash displayed in the blue screen (Bug Check Code and 4 parameters), and the details of the driver or module that may have caused the crash (file name, product name, file description and version of the file). You can view the details of the device drivers loaded during the crash in the bottom pane for each crash displayed in the upper pane. BlueScreenView also marks the drivers that have their addresses in the crash stack, so that the suspected drivers that may have caused the crash can be easily located.
The BSODs or Stop Errors in Windows 10 / 8 / 7 seem to be better and easier for the eyes! See how Stop Error information can be displayed in Windows 10/8.
See these posts if you have an error in Windows 10 with INACCESSIBLE BOOT DEVICE or Kernel Security Check.